toxic and safe plants rabbit

Your Rabbit’s Guide to Safe and Dangerous Plants to Eat

Rabbits are so curious and love to taste new things. In the wild, they would learn what foods are safe and which ones are not from other older rabbits. However, our pets don’t have that advantage. The list of toxic plants is extensive and this list, while large, does not cover every toxic plant. It’s safer to learn which plants are safe to feed your bunny and stick with those! Keep reading to learn what plants to avoid and which plants are safe to feed your rabbit.

This article was written by a FirstVet vet

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Plants Toxic to Rabbits: Definitely Avoid These!

  • Acacia twigs and flowers
  • Anemone
  • Antirrhinum
  • Apricot twigs and seed kernels
  • Arum
  • Azalea - twigs and all parts
  • Beans - any type
  • Beech twigs
  • Big wort
  • Bindweed
  • Bluebell
  • Box Elder
  • Brugmansia (aka Angel Trumpet)
  • Bryony
  • Bulb plants - best to avoid them all
  • Buttercup
  • Celandine
  • Cherry twigs, stems and seeds (fruit flesh is safe)
  • Christmas Rose
  • Clematis twigs
  • Columbine
  • Convolvulus (aka Morning Glory)
  • Corn cockle
  • Crocus
  • Daffodil
  • Dahlia
  • Delphinium (aka Larkspur)
  • Dogs Mercury
  • Elder twigs
  • Evergreens
  • Feverfew
  • Flowering Elder
  • Fool’s Parsley
  • Foxglove
  • Gypsophilia (aka Baby’s Breath)
  • Hemlock
  • Henbane (aka Stinking Nightshade)
  • Holly twigs
  • Hyacinth
  • Iris
  • Ivy-any part
  • Kingcup
  • Laburnum twigs
  • Lilly of the Valley
  • Lobelia
  • Love-in-a-mist
  • Lupine
  • Meadow Saffron
  • Milkweed
  • Mistle Toe
  • Monkshood flowers
  • Narcissus
  • Nightshade
  • Nux Vomica
  • Oak twigs
  • Oleander-all parts
  • Peach seed kernels and twigs
  • Periwinkle
  • Plum twigs, seeds, and leaves (fruit flesh is fine)
  • Poppy
  • Primrose
  • Ragwort
  • Rhododendron
  • Rhubarb
  • Roseweed
  • Scarlet Pimpernel
  • Snowberry
  • Snowdrop
  • Spindleberry
  • Sprouts-potato
  • Spurge
  • Thorn Apple
  • Toadflax
  • Tomato-leaves
  • Traveler’s oy
  • Tulip
  • Wax plant
  • Wisteria
  • Wood Sorrel
  • Yew

Safe Foods to Feed Rabbits

Rabbits eat throughout the day and are happier and healthier when they have a variety of foods to eat. Assume all houseplants are likely toxic, so keep them out of reach of your bunny. However, many things you can grow in the garden are fine to share!

Your rabbit should be eating a diet made up of at least 75% hay. Then the remaining 25% of the diet is split between veggies and small volumes of fruit and pellets.

A rabbit should have access to about 1 cup of fresh greens per 2-2.5 pounds of body weight daily. Be sure to introduce these greens gradually and slowly increase the volume to allow their GI tract and get used to the new foods.

Safe Plants to Share with Your Rabbit:

  • Alfalfa sprouts
  • Arugula
  • Asparagus
  • Basil
  • Beet Greens
  • Bok Choy
  • Broccoli, leaves, and stems
  • Brussel sprouts
  • Chinese cabbage
  • Carrots and carrot tops
  • Celery
  • Chard, Swiss
  • Chicory Greens
  • Coriander/Cilantro
  • Cress, Garden
  • Dandelion Greens
  • Dill leaves
  • Eggplant
  • Endive
  • Fennel (leaves and base)
  • Flowers - roses, pansies, hibiscus, nasturtiums, aster, carnation, geranium, marigolds, sunflower
  • Grass - must be grazed on while still growing; do NOT feed grass clippings to your rabbit!
  • Hay - timothy, orchard, oat, brome, alfalfa (if young, growing, pregnant, or nursing)
  • Jerusalem Artichoke
  • Kale
  • Kohlrabi
  • Lettuce - romaine (darker leafy green lettuce varieties are best)
  • Lettuce - red or green
  • Mint
  • Mustard Greens
  • Mustard Spinach
  • Okra
  • Parsley
  • Peppers-Bell, any color
  • Radishes and leaves
  • Raspberry leaves
  • Spinach
  • Summer Squash
  • Turnips and greens
  • Zucchini
  • Watercress
  • Wheatgrass

Fruits

  • Apple, cherries, peach, plum, mango, apricot, nectarines (no stems or seeds for these fruits as they are toxic in large volumes)
  • Papaya
  • Kiwi
  • Pineapple
  • Melons
  • Banana (no peel)
  • Star fruit
  • Strawberry

Read more:

Rabbit Nutrition: How to feed your pet rabbit

Do Rabbits Make Good Pets?

Rabbit Housing Tips

Have more questions about rabbit nutrition?

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This article was written by a FirstVet vet

Did you know that FirstVet offers video calls with experienced vets? You can get a consultation within 30 minutes by downloading the FirstVet app for free from the Apple App Store or Google Play.

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