Water tail syndrome in dogsDogs who like to swim or spend a long time in cold or wet weather can sometimes suffer from something called limber tail syndrome. There are many other names for this condition including: cold water tail, frozen tail, water tail, broken tail, broken wag, or wet tail. It’s formal name is acute caudal myopathy. Read more about the signs, diagnosis and treatment of limber tail syndrome in dogs here!This article was written by a FirstVet vetDid you know that FirstVet offers video calls with experienced, UK registered vets? You can get a consultation within 30 minutes by downloading the FirstVet app for free from the Apple App Store or Google Play.✓ Included free as part of many pet insurance policies✓ Help, treatment and if you need it, a referral to your local vet✓ Open 24 hours a day, 365 days a year Rating: 4.9 - more than 1600 reviewsRating: 4.9 - more than 1300 reviewsRating: 4.9 - more than 1600 reviews BOOK Signs of limber tail syndromeThe tail hangs straight down, as if paralysed, which usually confirms the diagnosisSoreness around the tail and hind endReluctance to sit downOff colour or lethargicOff foodBitches may find it difficult to pee as they cannot lift their tailDifficulty passing stoolsRelatively common in retrievers, spaniels and other dogs who like water, but all breeds of dogs can be affectedCauses of limber tail syndromeThe exact cause of limber tail syndrome is unknown. It is thought to be caused by restriction of the blood supply (ischaemia) to the tail muscles (caudal myopathy), generally after swimming, or exposure to cold or wet weather. The specific muscle groups most severely affected are the intertransversarius ventralis caudalis (IVC) muscles. These muscles create the side-to-side motion of tail wagging. There is very little space around the tail head within which the muscles can expand. As a result, the blood supply to these muscles is restricted, causing pain, swelling, muscle damage and paralysis.It has been associated with overexercise or hunting, under conditioning, and swimming in water that is too cold or too warm. Male dogs are at increased risk, as well as those with a high tail conformation or very active tails. Affected Pointers typically have a history of prolonged cage transport, a hard workout the previous day, or exposure to cold or wet weather. It can also affect young dogs that are out working for the first time. Limber tail syndrome can also recur in around ⅓ of cases.It is also important to rule out other possible causes of these signs, such as damage to the lower back and tail, or neurological problems. Nutritional factors have also been suggested as a possible cause. Your vet will be able to perform a neurological examination or take x-rays to exclude differential diagnoses.What can I do to help my dog and how to prevent limber tail syndrome?RestWarm packs applied gently to the affected areaPain relief prescribed by your vetAvoid overexercisePlan an appropriate conditioning exercise programme for your dogAvoid your dog being immersed in water of extreme temperatures, or for prolonged periods of timeAfter swimming, dry your dog thoroughlyKeep your dog warm and dry, preferably using a warm blanket, if it is coldOn long journeys, schedule rest stops to allow you dog to move and stretch their legsTreatment of limber tail syndromeThe prognosis for limber tail syndrome is excellent. A complete recovery is usually seen in a few days to two weeks. Affected dogs will often have elevated muscle enzymes on a blood test. Keep your dog warm and dry. Ensure that they rest, with short lead-walks for toileting only, until they have fully recovered.If your dog is very sore, contact your vet, who will be able to prescribe anti-inflammatory medication. Seek vet advice if your dog has not recovered after two weeks, as other diseases or injuries will need to be excluded.When to see your physical vetIf you see signs of limber tail syndrome above and if your dog is in pain or discomfortWeakness in the whole body or hind legsDifficulty with urination or defecationStill worried?Book a video appointment to have a chat with one of our vets.