What a dog's nose can tell usMy dog has a dry, warm nose, does this mean that my dog is sick? Owners often ask our vets this question. The simple answer is that it is not a sign of ill health and can be normal. The main reason a dog’s nose is usually wet is because they secrete mucus that helps to enhance their sense of smell.This article was written by a FirstVet vetDid you know that FirstVet offers video calls with experienced, UK registered vets? You can get a consultation within 30 minutes by downloading the FirstVet app for free from the Apple App Store or Google Play.✓ Included free as part of many pet insurance policies✓ Help, treatment and if you need it, a referral to your local vet✓ Open 24 hours a day, 365 days a year Rating: 4.9 - more than 1600 reviewsRating: 4.9 - more than 1300 reviewsRating: 4.9 - more than 1600 reviews BOOK Wet or dry: what could it mean?Dogs use olfactory receptors in their nose to collect important information about food and their environment. Humans have approximately six million olfactory receptors, whereas dogs have up to 300 million. The part of their brain that analyses smells is 40 times bigger than ours! Another reason why dogs have a wet nose is that they sweat through their paws and noses, which helps to cool them down.A normal, healthy dog’s nose can vary between wet and dry several times over the course of a day. The common reasons for a wet or dry nose are too much time spent near a heat source, such as a radiator, a fan or lying in the sun. However, sometimes a dog's nose can cause problems. For example, dogs that spend a lot of time outside can be exposed to the elements and their nose might become damaged by the sun, wind, frost or snow; very similar to humans with chapped lips. Dogs are also more likely to lick their dry nose which can exacerbate any issues.Symptoms of ill-health associated with the noseThese include:Unusual nasal dischargePersistent sneezingBreathing difficultiesFlaking, crusting, swollen or blistered skinDischarge from the eyesIf your dog has a constantly runny nose, or the mucus changes colour, it can be an early sign of an upper respiratory tract infection. Dogs with these signs, those that are persistently sneezing, or have discharge from their eyes, should visit their vet.Causes of health problems associated with a dry noseRespiratory infectionsSun exposure or sunburn (solar dermatitis)Chapped skin from the wind or coldNasodigital hyperkeratosis: a build-up of keratin, the fibrous protein in hair and nails, on the nose and footpads of older dogsHereditary nasal parakeratosis of Labrador Retrievers: a thick hard crust builds up on the dog’s nose, and usually occurs in young dogs at around 6-12 months of ageDrug reactionNasal folliculitis: a deep infection, often associated with trauma or insect bitesAutoimmune disease: for example, PemphigusWhat can you do to help your dog?Ensure that your dog is not spending too much time in the sun and that they have a warm, draft-free place to sleep.Check that your house is not too warm for your dog. Ensure that there are cooler places for them to escape to. Ideally, keep your house at a constant temperature and keep your dog’s bed away from drafts.Check your dog’s nose after a walk: remove any mud, and check for wounds or insect bites.Please be aware of the risk of sunburn to your dog, especially light-coloured dogs, and those with thin fur, or pink skin on the ears and nose. We suggest avoiding prolonged exposure to the sun. However, if you are in any doubt, use a special pet-formulated sun-screen on all exposed areas, as directed by the manufacturer’s instructions.Treatment of a dry noseTreatment may not be needed. Diagnosis and treatment options will depend on the results of a clinical examination by your vet, and any tests that are done. If the skin is chapped, your vet might discuss moisturisers to protect the area. Autoimmune diseases are very rare, so other diseases are typically ruled out first.When to see your physical veterinarianA persistent nasal discharge or sneezingIf your dog is lethargic or sleeping more than normalIf your dog is not responding to you or does not seem wellStill worried?Book a video appointment to have a chat with one of our vets.