Nasal Mites in Dogs Nose, or nasal, mites are small parasites that live inside a dog’s nose and airways. This mite can affect all dogs, with some showing no symptoms at all. Continue reading to learn about the signs, diagnosis, and treatment of nasal mites in dogs! What are nasal mites? How do I know if my dog has nasal mites? How are nasal mites diagnosed in dogs? How are nasal mites treated? Read more: Need to speak with a veterinarian regarding nasal mites or another condition? Are you concerned about your pet?Book a video consultation with an experienced veterinarian within minutes.Professional vet advice onlineLow-cost video vet consultationsOpen 24 hours a day, 365 days a year Book Video Consultation What are nasal mites?Pneumonyssoides or Pneumonyssus caninum is a small mite that lives in the nasal sinuses and passages of dogs. Nasal mites can affect all breeds, ages, and sexes of dogs worldwide, with a possible predilection for large breed dogs and dogs over 3 years old. Nasal mites are only 1-1.5 mm in length and can live in the environment for up to 19 days. It is believed that they’re transmitted between dogs both via direct and indirect contact. This mite has not been shown to infest or affect humans.How do I know if my dog has nasal mites?Clinical signs of nasal mite infections may vary and range in severity. Sometimes, dogs carry mites in their nasal passages with no signs at all. Symptoms may include:Bleeding from the noseSneezing“Reverse sneezing” (sniffing air rapidly inward) Read more about reverse sneezing here!Decreased sense of smellFacial itchingNasal dischargeLabored breathingHead-shakingHigh-pitched, noisy breathingLess specific signs (may also be seen with other respiratory diseases):CoughingRestlessnessCollapseHow are nasal mites diagnosed in dogs?Nasal mites often live far into the nasal passages; however, they can sometimes be seen on the outside of the nostrils or the muzzle. If your vet suspects nasal mites but can’t see them, further diagnostics will be recommended.Rhinoscopy (endoscopy of the nasal passages) and nasal flushing are often performed if nasal mites are suspected. Your vet will use a flexible scope with a camera to visualize and obtain nasal fluid and samples, which are then examined for the presence of nasal mites. This procedure must be done under general anesthesia.Nasal mites can be present on their own (primary) or as a result of a compromised respiratory tract due to a separate disease process (secondary). Because of this, other helpful diagnostics are often performed (before endoscopy) to help rule out other more common causes of respiratory disease. These include:Blood work and urinalysisTests for blood clotting factors if your dog is suffering from nose bleedsImaging: nasal and dental x-raysAdvanced imaging: CT scanHow are nasal mites treated?There are many treatment options available and prognosis is very good for resolution of infestation and clinical signsMany anti-parasitic medications seem to be effective in greater than 85% of casesAntihistamines and steroids may be prescribed by your vet to decrease itching and swellingMay include treating other causes of respiratory infection alongside the mitesNo real prevention other than keeping dogs away from a dog that has a current nasal mite infestation and/or concurrent respiratory diseaseRead more:Canine Nasal MitesNeed to speak with a veterinarian regarding nasal mites or another condition?Click here to schedule a video consult to speak to one of our vets. You can also download the FirstVet app from the Apple App Store and Google Play Stores.