Marijuana Toxicity in PetsTHC toxicity is becoming more common in pets as marijuana is being medically and recreationally legalized. Marijuana is now available in various forms other than the natural plant flower and leaves, such as drinks, edibles like brownies and gummies, cannabutter, and oils. As a result, our pets can be more tempted to ingest it. Dogs and cats are also being exposed to secondhand smoke or even having marijuana smoke blown directly into their nose or face. Like with any drug or medication, it should be kept in a secure location where pets and kids cannot access it.Are you concerned about your pet?Book a video consultation with an experienced veterinarian within minutes. Rating: 4.9 - more than 1600 reviewsRating: 4.9 - more than 1300 reviewsRating: 4.9 - more than 1600 reviews Download app Why is marijuana toxic to dogs and cats?Marijuana contains nearly 70 types of cannabinoids, which are terpene phenolic substances. The primary one causing psychoactive effects is delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol, THC. THC binds to cannabinoid receptors in the body. In pets, these are primarily located in the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, spleen, salivary glands, skin, and immune cells.When the TCH binds to the cannabinoid receptors, the nervous system becomes depressed, resulting in symptoms. The amount of THC ingested plays a big role in how severe/strong the symptoms are. Marijuana plants can contain 1-10% THC where oils can contain 30-50%! These levels are rising as crops are being raised and selected for higher levels of TCH.Symptoms of Marijuana Intoxication in DogsSymptoms can range from mild to severe and can last for hours to days in dogs. Symptoms typically develop within 30 to 90 minutes post-ingestion.Ataxia (uncoordinated movements)Low body temperature (hypothermia)Dribbling urineLow blood pressureLow heart rateVomiting (THC can also suppress the vomiting center in the brain making it difficult to vomit in some cases)DisorientationTremors or seizuresDilated pupilsDrooling (hypersalivation)VocalizationHyperesthesia (overreacting to stimuli, such as loud noises or light changes)Lethargy or depressionComaAgitationSymptoms of Marijuana Intoxication in CatsAggression, even to humansAtaxia (walking/moving abnormally)Staring into spaceDrooling (hypersalivation)Head bobbing or weavingIncreased movements (running and jumping sporadically)LethargyVocalizationIncreased water intake and urinationLow heart rateLow blood pressureSeizuresComaWhat tests are available to confirm marijuana ingestion?Over-the-counter home urine tests for humans are often used to test dog’s and cat’s urine to see if they are excreting metabolites from marijuana. A positive test confirms ingestion, but a negative test does not rule out ingestion.Clinical symptoms, smelling marijuana on their breath, and an honest history of possible or known exposure are very helpful to obtain a diagnosis and begin appropriate treatment. Remember, your vet is there to help your pet, not to get anyone in trouble.How can my pet be treated for marijuana toxicity?Your vet will perform a complete physical exam, listen to the heart rate, take blood pressure measurement and begin treatment.If your pet is having seizures or tremors, anticonvulsants and possibly anesthetics will be administered to get things under control.If low blood pressure is noted, IV fluids will be given to maintain pressure and hydration.If your dog has been vomiting, an anti-nausea medication will be given to reduce the risk of aspiration pneumonia.If your dog has not vomited, your vet may try to induce vomiting to remove as much material from the stomach as possible, and then follow it with an anti-nausea medication. Vomiting is ideally induced within 30 minutes of ingestion when the material is still in the stomach.Activated charcoal may be given to help absorb the remaining cannabinoids. This may need to be repeated a few times as the plant material in the intestines slowly releases THC, the THC gets absorbed by fat cells, and is then slowly released back into the system.Intravenous lipid therapy may be needed in severe cases, along with oxygen support.Additional InformationIf your dog ingested an edible form of marijuana, they may be at risk for additional toxicity, such as chocolate toxicity. Be sure to be honest with your vet so your dog can receive the best treatment.Everything You Need to Know About Chocolate Toxicity in PetsDogs that ingest cannabutter may also develop pancreatitis from the high-fat content in the butter.Pancreatitis in DogsHow to Recognize and Treat Pancreatitis in CatsRead more:Marijuana Toxicity in DogsWhat plants are toxic to dogs?What foods are toxic to dogs?Need to speak with a veterinarian regarding marijuana toxicity in your pet or another condition?Click here to schedule a video consult to speak to one of our vets. You can also download the FirstVet app from the Apple App Store and Google Play Stores.