What foods are toxic to dogs?
Many of us like to share our meal with our favorite, furry, four-legged companion or feed them “human food” treats. Here’s a brief guide to help you know which foods to avoid feeding your dog and which are absolute no-nos due to severe risk of poisoning.
This article was written by a FirstVet vet
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Looking for more information? Follow each link to learn more about each food item’s toxic effects.
The most common or general result of toxicity by these foods is listed with each item. Be aware! Many of these foods can lead to death, depending on the age, weight, and health status of the animal and the amount they consumed.
Foods Toxic to Dogs:
- Alcohol: CNS (Central nervous system) depression, gastrointestinal upset
- Avocado: Gastrointestinal upset, possible heart tissue death
- Garlic/onion/leeks/scallions/chives: Heinz Body Anemia (destruction of red blood cells leading to anemia)
- Grapes/raisins: Kidney failure
- Macadamia nuts: CNS depression
- Xylitol (sugar substitute): Decreased blood sugar (hypoglycemia), seizures
- Fruit pits (apricot, peach, cherry): Cyanide, choking, gastrointestinal obstruction
Other foods to avoid feeding your dog:
- Bread dough (raw, still rising, containing yeast): Bloat
- Citrus (in large amounts or concentrated essential oils): Gastrointestinal irritation, CNS depression
- Coconut/coconut oil: Diarrhea, pancreatitis
- Coconut water (high in potassium): Bradycardia (slowed heart rate)
- Milk/dairy: Diarrhea, gastrointestinal upset
- Nuts (high in fat content): Pancreatitis, vomiting, diarrhea
- Raw meat: Salmonella, E. coli, vomiting, diarrhea, pancreatitis
- Bones: Choking, stomach/intestinal obstruction, perforated stomach/intestines
- Salty food: Increased thirst and urination, possible sodium ion poisoning
- Oily/fried food: Vomiting, diarrhea, pancreatitis
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